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Deer Species Facts and Information

Mule Deer

Mule Deer
The mule deer inherited its name from the early miners who thought their ears resembled that of a mule. Usually the same size or bigger than its cousin the white-tailed deer, a mature male (buck) weighs between 150 to 300 pounds (65 to 135 kg), but has also been known to weigh as much as 400 pounds (180 kg). Female mule deer (doe) typically average in weight from 100 to 175 pounds (45 to 80 kg). Mule deer are between 40 to 45 inches (100 to 115 cm) at the shoulder, and are 75 to 85 inches (190 to 215 cm) in length from the tip of the nose to the end of the tail. Unlike the white-tailed deer with their broad long tails, mule deer have a narrow tail that has a dark-grey or black tip. In the late spring mule deer appear to be reddish-brown in color, then transforming into a grey or grayish-brown in the fall and winter months. Male deer grow antlers in the late spring and lose the antlers in late winter. When describing the antler (rack) size of a mule deer, most people count the number of points on each side. For example a “4 by 4” would be 4 points on each side, whereas on a white-tailed deer the size is referenced by the total number of points on both sides. For example, 10 points would mean 5 points on each side of the antler.

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Whitetail Deer

Whitetail Deer
The white-tailed deer are the most widespread of all the deer species. These deer are found in all of the lower 48 states, as well as southern Canada and portions of Mexico. As the name of the animal implies, the underside of the tail of the white-tailed deer is white, which is most noticeable when the deer raises their tail straight up. This is a sign that there is possible danger nearby. White-tailed deer are usually reddish-brown in late spring, and grayish-brown through the fall and winter months. A male (buck) white-tailed deer typically weighs between 140 to 250 pounds (60 to 115 kg), whereas a female (doe) usually weighs between 80 to 200 pounds (36 to 90 kg). Mature bucks have been known to weigh as much as 350 pounds (160 kg) in some regions of the United States. The length of a white-tailed deer is between 60 to 90 inches (150 to 230 cm), and range from 30 to 40 inches (75 to 100 cm) high at the shoulders. Male deer grow antlers in the late spring, and lose the antlers in late winter. When describing the antler (rack) size of a white-tailed deer, most people count the total number of points on both sides. For example, a 10 point would be 5 points on each side, whereas the size of the rack of a mule deer is referenced by the number of points on each side.&

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