Back to   Skip Navigation LinksWildlife Home Page    Bear Species
Bear Species
Bear Species Facts and Information

American Black Bear

American Black Bear
The American Black Bear, as the name implies, are typically black in color, but depending on environmental conditions and food sources have also been known to be brown, cinnamon or occasionally blond. Usually much smaller than the brown bear, the American Black Bear can weigh 90 – 600 pounds (40 – 275 kg), and are 60 - 72 inches (150 – 180 cm) in length, and 35 – 50 inches (80 to 100 cm) at the shoulder. American Black Bears also have a muscle hump on their shoulders, but not as pronounced as the brown bear. An adult male bear is 25 to 35% larger than an adult female, which varies by geographic region and the surrounding habitat.

more information...



Brown Bear

Brown Bear
The Brown Bear is usually brown in color, but has also been known to be blonde or black. The tips of the fur are often white and silver giving a “grizzled” appearance. Brown bears have a large hump of muscle on their shoulders which distinguishes the brown bear from other bears. While this bear can have claws up to 6 inches in length, they tend to have blunt points from digging for foliage and roots. A typical size of the brown bear is anywhere from 5 to 9 feet (1.5 to 2.5 meters) in length and 35 to 60 inches (90 to 150 centimeters) in height at the shoulders. Another distinguishing characteristic of this bear is a round large head and a concave facial profile. Male brown bears can be up to 50% larger than females, but the size of the bear is tied to the habitat and diet of foods that are readily available.

more information...



Polar Bear

Polar Bear
The polar bear is not only considered to be the largest carnivore on land, but also the largest in the bear family. Mature male polar bears average in weight from 500 to 1,100 pounds (225 to 500 kg), and have also been known to reach 1,400 pounds (635 kg). A typical male polar bear is 7 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) in length, and can stand 8 to 11 feet (2.5 to 3.5 meters) tall when standing on their hind legs. The female polar bear is typically half the size of the male. A good portion of the polar bears weight is contributed to 3 to 4 inches of fat to protect and insulate the bear from environmental conditions. While most people think that the polar bears coat is white in color, the hair is actually hollow (for insulation) and clear. Another important characteristic about the polar bear is its paws, which measure up to 12 inches (36 cm) across. The paws are designed specifically for the environment to allow for walking on snow and ice, as well as propelling them through the frigid arctic waters in search of food. Recently, the polar bear is considered to be a threatened species. Some groups and organizations feel that this is attributed not only to global warming, but also to unregulated hunting.

more information...


Back to   Skip Navigation LinksWildlife Home Page    Bear Species